Adverb (Add + verb) as the name suggests Adverb adds some information to Verb. Sometimes it can also add information to an adjective or other adverbs. Hence, an Adverb can be defined as a word that qualifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
- Shyam ran fast. [here, fast is an adverb]
To determine Adverb in a sentence, analyze the sentence with questions: when?, where?, how?, how much?, how long?, or how often?. The answer is Adverb. like in the above sentence, if we analyze: - how Shyam run? The answer will be fast, which is an adverb.
Adverbs are generally divided into three classes according to their use:-
♦ Simple Adverb:
These Adverbs express manner, place, time, frequency, quality, degree, level of certainty.
Adverbs of Manner: Carefully, Fluently, bravely etc.
Adverbs of place: Far, near, away, above etc.
Adverbs of time: Late, now, soon, ago, today, tomorrow etc.
Adverbs of frequency: Seldom, often, never, always etc.
Adverbs of Quality of degree: Too, very, much, quit, enough, etc.
♦ Interrogative Adverb:
Why, When, Where, and how are interrogative Adverbs when they initiate a question.
Eg: Why were you there?
♦ Relative Adverb:
Whom, Where, Why are relative Adverbs. They are used in relation to some other clause of the sentence, where they provide additional information about it.
Eg:- I know the firm where Shyam works.
Many questions are framed by placing Adverbs in the wrong position. An Adverb can be placed: - At the beginning of the sentence, In the middle of the sentence, or at the end of the sentence. However, the meaning of sentences entirely changes with the different positions of Adverb. like:-
All the above sentences are correct, however, each of them has a different meaning. First Sentence [only Reena brought the book, nobody else]. Second Sentence [Reena brought the book, nothing else]. Third Sentence [Reena had only one book which she had brought]
Adverbs of frequency are used before the main verb.
'often' (adverb) should be placed before the main verb 'see' in the first sentence.