Home Competitive English Courses Tests Questions

Narrations Rules

Interrogative Sentences

Questions can be of two types Yes/No types Questions and Questions from the WH family


Rules for conversion

1) Said to is changed to asked, questioned, enquired, interrogated, demanded etc.

2) Formation of sentences in Indirect Speech should not be interrogative. Means helping Verbs should be used after the subject. Hence, there is no usage of question mark (?) in indirect speech instead full stop should be used. This rule is important.

3) If the question is of Yes/ No type conjunction if/ whether is used else there should not be the usage of conjunction.

4) Change of tense, pronoun, modals, adverbs is same as discussed in General Rules.

Examples:-

Direct: She said to the girl, “Did you do this?”

Indirect: She asked the girl if she had done that. [yes/ no type question]

Direct: She said to me, “What can I do for you?”

Indirect: She asked me what she could do for me. [wh family question]

Imperative Sentences

We have already discussed what are Imperative Sentences, please refer voices for definition.


Rules for conversion 

1) Said to is changed to ordered / requested/ forbade / suggested / commanded / warned etc. After ordered / requested/ forbade / commanded / warned an object is used.

2) Conjunction to is used.

3) After to, verb1 is used.

4) Change of tense, pronoun, modals, adverbs is same as discussed in General Rules.

Examples:-

Direct: “Call the first witness”, said the Judge.

Indirect: The judge commanded them to call the first witness.

Direct: The police said to the thief, “Don’t move.”

Indirect: The police ordered the thief not to move.

Exclamatory Sentences

Exclamatory Sentences are sentences that express strong emotion


Rules for conversion

1) Reporting verb changes as follows: -

Said + Alas ! -> exclaimed with sorrow.

Said + Hurray ! -> exclaimed with joy

Said + Fi ! / Ugh ! -> exclaimed with despise/disgust.

Said + Wow ! -> exclaimed with joy.

Said + Oh ! -> exclaimed with surprise / regret.

2) Conjunction that is used.

3) Change of tense, pronoun, modals, adverbs is same as discussed in General Rules.

Example:-

Direct: He said, “Oh My God! I have done a mistake.”

Indirect: He exclaimed with regret/ sorrow that he had done a mistake.

Optative Sentences

The sentence which expresses a prayer, keen wish, curse etc. is called an optative sentence. This kind of sentence generally starts with 'may' and 'wish'.


Rules for conversion

1) Said to is changed to wished, prayed etc.

2) Conjunction that is used.

3) Change of tense, pronoun, modals, adverbs is same as discussed in General Rules.

Example:-

Direct: He said, “May you live long.”

Indirect: He prayed that my life might be long.

onlinetest practiceQue