Subject and Verb are essential parts of the sentence. A verb must agree with its subject in number and person. Subject Verb Agreement is based on two basic rules:-
1) If the subject is singular, the verb must be singular.
- The dog chases the cat.
In the example, the subject is a dog (singular) so we have used singular verb chases.
2) If the subject is plural, the verb must be plural.
- The dogs chase the cat.
In the example, the subject is dogs (plural), so we have used the plural verb chase.
Note: We have already discussed in the previous chapters that if s/es is added with Noun, the Noun becomes Plural and if s/es is added with verb, the verb becomes Singular. Like in the above examples, dog is singular while dogs is plural and chases is singular and chase is plural.
The above two rules are followed in all the sentences, however, we must learn specific rules to score well in the exams. Click Next for Rules.